Vocal Range Chart and Corresponding Voice Types

by Admin on May 16, 2013

In a recent post we have covered several easy singing exercises aimed to improve vocal range. However, we haven’t discussed in detail yet what vocal range is and what types of vocal ranges are out there. This article is going to cover this flaw and define vocal range more precisely, as well as provide vocal range chart and range examples of some of the most famous singers.

Vocal Range Definition

Vocal range is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a voice can produce. Singing is its most common application, where it is used for classifying singing voices into voice types. In fact, it is one of the major characteristics employed in this classification. In the context of singing, however, vocal range often means musically useful notes, as not all of the notes human voice can produce are suitable for particular singing style or performance conditions.

Voice type is a particular kind of singing voice perceived as having certain characteristics; vocal range is just one of those characteristics and should not be confused and used interchangeably with voice type. The other characteristics that contribute to singer’s voice classification are vocal weight, vocal tessitura, vocal timbre, vocal transition points, physical characteristics, speech level and vocal registration.

Vocal Range Chart

There is a variety of voice classification systems used nowadays, each having its own voice types. Most of these types, however, fall under six major voice categories that are recognized in the most of the voice classification systems. These categories include soprano (C4-A5), mezzo-soprano (A3-F5), contralto (F3-D5), tenor (B2-G4), baritone (G2-E4), and bass (E2-C4). The former three are usually attributed to women, while the latter three are for men.

The ranges given above are approximate; you can find different vocal range charts across the Internet where each range limits can shift a tone up or down. Besides limits, each range has a comfort zone somewhere in between. Each voice is different and can span across several ranges. Despite that, voice teachers classify singers in only a single voice type, often depending on the range where the voice is most comfortable singing. There are also other characteristics that experienced voice teachers pay attention to.

Vocal Range Chart

Some Vocal Range Examples

In the list below I tried to summarize the vocal ranges of some of the most famous singing stars. Take a look at these:

  • Mariah Carey magnificent range spans across 5 octaves 2 notes and a semitone (E2-G#7), her vocal type is lyric soprano.
  • Christina Aguilera vocal range is four octaves (C3-C7), vocal type is mezzo-soprano.
  • Freddy Mercury vocal range was 1 semitone away from 4 octaves (F2-E6), which is quite rare for male voice.
  • Michael Jackson vocal range was also nearly 4-octave.
  • Whitney Houston range was 3.2 octaves (A2-C6), mezzo-soprano.
  • Celine Dion range is 3 octaves 1 note and 1 semitone (B2-C#6).
  • Beyonce vocal range is 3.1 octaves (approximately B2-C6); vocal type is mezzo-soprano. Despite relatively lower range, she is a technical singer with amazing voice control and a stunning vibrato.

That’s all for now. If you liked this article, please share it with your friends who also might be interested. If you didn’t like, or just would like some other subject to be covered, please let me know using the contacts page. Thanks for reading. Till next time, friends.


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